Our Solar System Is Approximately 4.6-Billion Years Old Neptune: Our Solar System’s Gentle Giant

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Neptune: Our Solar System’s Gentle Giant

In the twilight of the outer reaches of our Solar System, our Sun glows with only a faint, distant fire, and appears to be nothing more than a particularly large, swimming star. in a sea of ​​silvery, sparkling skylights. When our solar system first formed, about 4.6 billion years ago, strange things were happening. The building blocks of a newborn planet – so called animal planets–migrate from their place of origin, and burst into each other, sometimes merging, but sometimes bumping into each other accidentally – breaking each other to pieces. The beautiful, large, blue-banded ice giant Neptune – the farthest of the eight giant planets from our Sun – is known to have impacted our solar system during its go through this “cosmic” shooting gallery. .” In April 2017, astronomers announced that they had made a major discovery regarding the mysterious birth and evolution of frozen bodies in our solar system Kuiper Belt —home to several comet nuclei dancing outside Neptune’s orbit. The astronomers said they had uncovered unique evidence that Neptune’s migration was a “smooth and gentle” journey during ancient planet formation, in the region of our young Sun, – and not the rampage of a violent giant, as previously suggested. in other studies.

“It’s a kinder Neptune,” said astronomer Dr. Meg Schwamb on April 4, 2017 Gemini Observatory press release. Dr. continued.

The study focused on strange “oddball” duos of loosely connected objects, so-called planets, living in the deep freeze of the unlit outer regions of our Solar System. The astronomers suggest, in a paper published in the April 4, 2017 issue of the journal Astrology of naturethat these scattered objects may have been shepherded by Neptune’s gentle push into their current orbits in the dark and distant. Kuiper belt.

The research team, led by Dr. Wes Frazier from Queen’s University in Belfast, UK, analyzed data obtained from the Frederick C. Gillett North Gemini Telescope and Canada-France-Hawaii Telescope (CFHT). Both telescopes are close to stopping Mauna Kea volcano in Hawaii. The team measured the new “oddball” colors Cold Classical Kuiper Belt Object (CCKBO) duos as part of the Outdoor Solar System Color Survey (CoL-OSSOS).

The “oddball” objects are members of a class of so-called secret entities “Blue Binnaries”who are interesting brother and sister pairs, doing a distant dance in the outer limits. Blue binaries they are “strange” because, like other nonconformists, they march to the beat of a different drum than their neighbors. This is because blue binaries do not show the distinctive red color that marks the surface of most CCKBOs.

The edge Kuiper belt A frozen home is a swarm of small ice creams planets– far beyond the beautiful, blue orbit of Neptune. The planets comet nuclei – the remnants of the building blocks (planetesimals) of the quarter of giant, gaseous planets that inhabit the outer solar system: Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, and Neptune. In fact, there are more than 1,700 known frozen objects in this distant zone.

Many planetary scientists have long suggested that the frost, which remains planets born in the heart of the Kuiper belt. However, Dr. Fraser’s new study shows something else – that the blue binaries were actually born in an area much closer to the warmth and heat of our Star, and were then shepherded by Neptune’s gravitational pulls into the distant orbits we see today. This strange migration would have happened several billion years ago.

Dance In The Darkness

Far away, dark, and cold, frozen denies the Kuiper belt perform their alien ballet in the suburbs of our Solar System. Here, the ice dwarf planet Pluto and his fifth Moon live with many others of their strange and frigid type. This remote area is so far from Earth that astronomers are only now beginning to explore it, thanks to NASA’s historic trip to the Pluto system. New Horizons spacecraftwhich arrived there on 14 July 2015. New Horizons it is now fast on the way to another man who denies the deep freeze, and he will discover more and more of the mysteries that have not yet been answered that belong to this area of ​​small frozen delights.

So, poor Pluto is just one of a large number of similar frozen objects in the Kuiper belt. Discovered in 1930 by American astronomer Clyde Tombaugh (1906-1997), Pluto was first identified as the ninth major planet from our Sun. Unfortunately for little Pluto, astronomers finally realized that Pluto is just one of many —a lot. For this reason, the International Astronomical Union (IAU)he had to define the term “planet” and, as a result, Pluto was demoted from major planet status to dwarf planet status.

When comets come screeching from the outskirts of our Solar System, into the warm, welcoming, molten heat of the inner Solar System, they make spectacular displays of themselves with brilliant flapping tails – as they flash their mysterious light through the sky. These alien, migratory frozen bodies hold captive – in their frozen hearts – the most precious primordial ingredients that, long ago, went into the construction of our Sun’s family of materials. This very ancient mixture, of the purest substance, is preserved in the deep freeze of the dark, distant and very cold outer regions of our Solar System. These frozen, alien and fragile visitors from far away fly into the inner Solar System, where our Earth is located, from their mysterious, mysterious home beyond Neptune. Because comets hold, in their frozen hearts, the preserved ancient elements that made up our solar system, many astronomers believe that by identifying these ingredients, they can determine how our sun and its family came to be. to be

Comets are like the ramaging, relic relic animal planets which combined in the ancient solar system to form the four outer gas giants. Otherwise, the asteroids–which mainly lives in the Major Asteroid Belt between Mars and Jupiter – similar to the rocky and metallic animal planets which crashed into each other and merged to form a quartet of small, rocky inner planets: Mercury, Venus, Earth, and Mars. Planetary animals —both icy and rocky—exploding into each other in the “burning gallery” that characterized our infant solar system. These old collision materials combined to create ever larger and larger bodies.

Many astronomers believe that the “oddball” blue binaries migration from the place of birth – closer to the warmth and light of our Sun – out to the twilight that was far away. Kuiper belt. It is generally suggested that this migration occurred several billion years ago, at a time when major changes were occurring in the orbits of the outer quadrant of the gas giant planets.

“The red CCKBOs It is thought to have been created at the location in the outer Solar System where they currently reside. The blue binarieson the other hand, they are interlopers from being closer in hiding in the Kuiper belt today,” explained Dr. Schwamb, coauthor of the study, in April 4, 2017, Gemini Observatory press release.

Neptune: The gentle giant of our solar system

The study of Dr. One AU (astronomical unit) equal to the mean distance of the Earth from our Sun, which is 93,000,000 miles. This gentle procession of the beautiful, blue, and flat ice giant planet, let the delicate, weak, and loose people blue binaries to be gently moved out at a distance similar to it, where they can be seen today. This smooth and peaceful migration enabled the blue binaries to make the long journey, into the outer limits, without being torn into two separate single things.

“This research has opened the window to new aspects of understanding the early stages of the planet’s growth. We now have a firm handle on how and where blue binaries originally,” explained Dr. Fraser on April 4, 2017 Queen’s University press release.

“There has been some evidence of Neptune moving out to 30 AU. blue binaries they got to where they want Neptune’s transit was mostly a smooth and gentle transition,” he said.

Dr. Schwamb also explained in the Queen’s University press release that “This novel program uses two world-class telescopes: the Gemini-North and Canada-France-Hawaii telescopes, at the same time. By doing this, we can gather complete spectral information spanning the ultraviolet, optical and near-infrared wavelength ranges. Without this program and the partners involved, this great research would not have been possible.”

“Working closely together, Northern Gemini and the Canada-France-Hawaii telescopes coordinated their movements to monitor the Col-OSSOS Kuiper Belt Objects almost at the same time,” said Dr. Schwamb.

Views at the same time Mauna Kea let the team of astronomers measure the light that came from the same side of the Kuiper Belt object. This eliminated one of the most serious problems in studying orbiting solar system bodies.

Dr. Todd Burdullis, QSO operations specialist at CFHTwho helped coordinate the comments, reported on April 4, 2017 Queen’s University press release “Helps to monitor the same time with the Col-OSSOS team and Gemini Observatory it was challenging, but it paved the way for a better understanding of where these came from blue binaries. Together, the two instruments observed all the colors of the outer solar system for the Col-OSSOS team.

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